We’ve checked in on a few local meadow restoration projects which we’ve supplied seed to in the last few years. It’s heartening to see that, with good aftercare, these new meadows can start to resemble ‘proper’ meadows quicker than I would have perhaps expected. First year projects are usually characterised by an abundance of yellow rattle and eyebright, and it’s these two species which drive the later colonisations by parasitizing the grasses. Ox-eye daisy, cat’s ear and greater bird’s-foot trefoil are often showing in the first year, but it seems to take another year for some perennials like knapweed to reach flowering stage. We’ve been delighted to see orchids appearing in some new meadows after four or five years – greater butterfly orchids at the Welsh Wildlife Centre meadows near Cardigan, sown with seed from the orchid-rich Mountain Meadows; southern marsh orchids in the new Plantlife ‘Coronation Meadow’ in south Ceredigion; and common spotted orchid in the meadow in our own garden. The hot weather last year may have helped, with grass growth being severely checked in many places. We’ve had a very dry spring here in Pembrokeshire, but the meadows are now growing fast after recent heavy rain. Seed harvesting will soon be on us again; do get in touch sooner rather than later if you’d like seed as the order book is already quite long.
We’ve designed and implemented a couple of new woodland and forest garden projects recently. It’s proven to be an unexpectedly difficult task to locally source trees and shrubs which aren’t grown in a peat-based compost. This isn’t just about wetland conservation, it’s also about runaway climate change – digging up carbon-storing peat bogs to plant carbon-storing trees isn’t clever. Both local and national suppliers who purport to be environmentally-friendly businesses (perhaps most disappointingly the Woodland Trust) still seemed wedded to peat despite valid alternatives. Congratulations then to Dolau-hirion Nursery, Llandeilo for their almost exclusive use of bark-based compost from Melcourt for their fruit trees. If anyone can point us to a peat-free native tree nursery in west Wales, that would be a help for future projects.
In an ideal world, we would allow trees to plant themselves far more often. The natural development of scrub from unmanaged grassland is a fairly rapid process, and those ‘untidy’ brambles and blackthorn suckers often act as protection for saplings of hazel and oak which will ultimately form a natural woodland. Some of our own woodlands were open fields fifty years ago, and the fact that they’re developing with their own wild character makes them all the more ecologically-rich and interesting. If you’re planning a meadow creation project for the year ahead, do give some serious consideration to the value of scrub, and either retain or encourage a good tangle of brambles, wild rose and thorn. You may not be able to walk through it, but you’ll be rewarded with nesting warblers, pollinating insects and a crop of blackberries. And if you keep bees, you’ll find that it’s maybe these shrubs that are of most value to your hive – providing much more pollen and nectar through the year than the ‘tidy’ meadow.
As July ends and takes the drought with it, we’ve got a good amount of seed in the barn again. Although some of our usual harvest sites were mown too early for us to harvest ripe seed, we managed to get good quantities from elsewhere. If you’re on our provisional order list, we’ll be in touch very soon. If you’re not, do ring or email as we should have enough seed to help with your project.
Our own meadows were baked pretty hard, and with the hot, dry weather stopping any growth for over a month, we’ve already been feeding hay to the cows. On the plus side, we’ve got more honey than ever before as the bees filled box after box (10 supers on the best hive). If you’re in west Wales, do help us out by buying a few jars!
As the days slowly start to pull out, and a few mild days get the dawn chorus started once again we often get interest in our seed as people get back in a gardening frame-of-mind. Spring-sowing is advised for one of those colourful mixtures of annual plants popularised by the London Olympic Park ‘meadows’. We sell ‘real meadow’ seed though, which mostly comprises perennial plants (that don’t need regular re-sowing). Our seed is definitely best sown in late summer or autumn (which is of course when the seed is shed naturally in a hay meadow). We were lucky enough to sell out of all last years seed before Christmas, so won’t be able to supply again until August. Please do get in touch with any provisional orders, as we look set to be busy again.
Building work ground to a halt with last summers business, but the new barn is nearing completion and looking very grand in its own idiosyncratic way. Lesser horseshoe bats and barn owls have already found it, and the green roof has taken well from a variety of substrates and sods, minimal planting and minimal attention. Nature’s pretty good at working out the best way to vegetate a green roof if you’re prepared to experiment and be patient…
As has been the usual pattern in our part of the world for the last few years, August proved to be something of a monsoon season and the fickle business of harvesting seed, honey and hay had to contend with regular heavy showers. At least the rain held off the hay harvests at our regular harvest sites until the seed was well ripened, and we managed to snatch just about enough seed in drier interludes to meet the advance orders.
We’re now involved in green roofing projects from Pembrokeshire to St Kilda (and nowhere inbetween…..). The bees are working the English stonecrop on our own nearly finished barn roof, and a new build near Fishguard has a covering of our growing medium planted with both English and biting stonecrop, alongside thrift, sheep’s bit, kidney vetch and a host of other Pembrokeshire coastal plants that should cope with the exposed conditions that they’ll be subject to. Matt’s been up to St Kilda to assess options for the green roof to cover a new building there. The former inhabitants traditionally turfed all of their houses and storehouse (‘cleits’), as well as using dried sods as fuel. They didn’t have modern equipment like the turf-cutting bucket that we used on a recent translocation project, but they also didn’t have archaeological and ecological constraints to be mindful of. This new roof is set to be an interesting challenge!
We got schmoozed by the BBC last year, and the resultant feature with Kate Humble has already generated interest in our seed from as far afield as Germany. Our wilfully non-commercial attitude seemed to come across OK, but among the many bits that got left on the cutting room floor was my plug for Flora Locale. I suggested that potential customers outside of Wales should look for a supplier of direct-harvested meadow seed in their own region. We’re conservation-minded before business-minded, and keen to see wild meadows retain their own local distinctiveness wherever possible. Plantlife have put together a good explanation for this approach at http://www.plantlife.org.uk/uk/our-work/campaigning-change/keeping-wild-wildflower. With this in mind, if you’re after seed for a garden then we’ll happily sell our 250g seed bags when we have them back in stock in late summer. If you’re a rural landowner with a larger meadow, then it might be better for you to visit www.floralocale.org and choose a local supplier of direct-harvested seed from their recommended supplier page (we’re not actually on there – we’re too tight to pay the fee!).
We’ve got Charlie and Meyrick from MC-Rustics helping us to build another seed-drying and beekeeping storage barn – turf roofed (of course) and with space for beehives built into the south-facing straw-bale wall (to be plastered with dung from our cows and clay from a new pond). Can’t wait to see it finished.
After a somewhat fickle season, our harvests are more or less in now. We have meadow wild-flower seed for sale from several west-Wales sites. Don’t delay if you’re interested – now is the ideal time to be sowing. We’ll soon have bluebell and wild garlic bulbs available for planting in those shady corners where meadow seed wouldn’t be so successful. There’s some good honey coming off the hives as well. We noted bees foraging on at least 60 different plants this year, which helps to account for the depth of flavour.
We’re harvesting wildflower meadow seed once again, and we’ll soon have Welsh meadow seed mixtures for sale. We’re adding some new collection sites this year – check out the wildflower meadow seed page for details. We’re also working for Plantlife, taking forward their Coronation Meadows restoration projects in Ceredigion and Glamorgan. In the meantime, the honey is starting to come off the hives, and there’s some fine spring hawthorn honey available if you’re quick.
The Mystery of the Swarm
Old-school beekeeping books often like to draw parallels between bee and human societies. Well, with our bees throwing out numerous swarms around the time of the referendum result, I thought a couple of passages from that reliable observer of bee politics, Tickner Edwardes, in order.
“The old green hive is keeping up to its reputation. Already it is the centre of a whirling crowd of bees, and, as you look, a dense black stream of them is pouring out of the entrance so fast and furiously that it is impossible to distinguish what they are. And the old wild trek-song is growing louder and deeper with every moment, a rich vibrant tenor note unlike any other sound in nature. There is no doubt at all of its import, as you stand in the wing-darkened sunshine, caught up in the excitement of it all, and feeling much as if you were facing a tearing sou’-west gale……
…..Gently swaying in the sunlight, lifeless and inert but for a few restless bees that hum about it, the sight of a settled swarm has an almost uncanny effect on most observers. A little before, the whole garden was filled with its deafening, joyous hubbub; now a strange silence has fallen, and it is impossible to dissociate from its present state the idea of an abject depression and disillusionment, as though the whole thing had been but a mad escapade. If we may conceive the issue of a swarm to be a freak of ancestral memory, the sudden irresistible impulse to follow an old racial habit, long obsolete, it is not difficult to account for the obvious change of mind that has now come over the absconding host. Packed within the hive in a feverish, surging multitude, disabilities were not self-evident as they are now, tried in the light of day.
Violent delights have violent ends / And in their triumph, die”
Boris and co, take note……
With storm after storm sweeping across, it’s been a good winter for inside jobs. Long-promised domestic improvements are finally made, and ecological survey contracts for NRW and Pembrokeshire Coast National Park Authority are written up. With few fungi in our woods this season, Matt becomes a moss geek instead, and establishes the farm as the richest place in the county for these subtle plants. We’re about to double the size of our beekeeping enterprise, with new hives and out-apiaries planned. If we get good August weather, we’ll be taking hives to the heather so should have some fine heathland honey this time next year. Still a few jars of our fine harvest from the summer available, as well as a small amount of meadow seed and a couple of boxes of beef.
Well, we managed a few days of play but high summer is now upon us and we’re gearing up for all the harvesting jobs. We just need the weather to hold now…..
We’ve been installing a new green roof for the RNLI / BAM Nuttall at St Justinians, using native coastal plants from Pembrokeshire.
Welsh Black beef now available again, see under our ‘products’ tab for full details. Honey harvest coming very soon – we’re just waiting for the knapweed flow to come to an end, as that’s a key part of the special flavour.
The dry, sunny April was a great help. The bees enjoyed a good flow on blossoms like blackthorn which would perhaps normally succumb to wind and rain within a few days. The early surplus which they’ve put away (one hive has filled four supers) will be left on to see them through the cool, wet summer days which will no doubt follow.
We’re taking seed orders now, and it looks like being a busy summer picking yellow rattle and wetland seed. We’ve got some work lined up with Plantlife on their Coronation Meadows Project too. Matt attended a meeting of meadow restoration practitioners recently, which will hopefully result in some ‘best practice’ guidance being published by Plantlife in due course.
Ecological consultancy work for National Trust, Natural Resources Wales and The Freshwater Habitats Trust is keeping us busy. The maintenance jobs on the farm, such as replacing rotten softwood posts with cleft oak stakes from Heinz Cooper in Carmarthenshire, are having to fit in around these contracts and the rest of the workload. Matt’s still found some time to disappear into the woods in search of fungi, and some of the more interesting finds are described on the Fungi page. There will be some beef available in the second week of January – if anyone’s interested there are still currently a couple of boxes going spare.
With August now upon us, we’re busy collecting and selling wildflower seed from our meadows. We’ve harvested a good amount from Blaencleddau in north Pembrokeshire too, and are about to collect from the orchid rich meadows at the National Botanic Gardens NNR and Mountain Meadows SSSI. We’ve also just harvested seed from HRH Prince Charles’ Carmarthenshire estate, for use on his own meadow creation projects. Don’t delay if you’re starting a wildflower meadow – the seed needs to get into the ground as soon as possible now, to mimic the natural cycles of the hay meadow. We’re yet to cut hay – it’s been tempting with the hot, dry weather but we’ve held on for the seed, and for the profusion of knapweed and betony which is keeping the honey flowing into the hives. There will be a good surplus for sale this year.
The ecological consultancy has completed numerous Phase I surveys, and some land management advisory jobs. That hasn’t left as much time for the continued investigations into the wildlife on the farm, but the plant list has just hit 360 with the addition of several locally rare plants. Hopefully the workload will ease in a month or two, and we can spend a bit more time in the woods……
This year looks like it could be another good one for our bees. With five strong new hives and three early swarms working hard at the hawthorn blossom, we’re looking forward to some fine honey again by the end of summer.
The meadows are exploding to life with marsh orchids and as much yellow rattle as ever. We’ll be harvesting these for wildflower meadow seed to sell again, and we’ll also be taking our brush harvester to various other species-rich meadows in south and west Wales. If you’re creating a wildflower meadow in Wales and you’d like seed of native meadow plants, do please get in touch. Now’s the time to start plans and preparations, and we’re always happy to give advice.
Our own somewhat idiosyncratic living and office space is currently getting a new green roof. We’re sorting through a pile of building stone and rubble left from the previous homestead, and the lime-rich soil, mortar and the occasional tuft of ivy-leaved toadflax is being spread out over the slab-wood / liner / carpet sandwich. It’ll be interesting to see what other plants get a toe-hold here in time.
We had a busy summer harvesting meadow seed from our Pembrokeshire sites, and also undertaking contract harvesting jobs on a metal mine in north Ceredigion and Prince Charles’s farm near Myddfai.
We have a few kilos of meadow seed still available but time’s now running out to get this in the ground. Contact us as soon as possible if you’d like some.
The honey crop was superb this year and there are jars for sale.